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Prostate cancer

CT scan showing large cancer arising in region of prostate and invading bladder anteriorly and posteriorly
CT scan showing large cancer arising in region of prostate and invading bladder anteriorly and posteriorly

Prostate cancer is the second most common cancer in European males, with a lifetime risk approaching 10%. It is predominantly a disease of older men.


The usual type of prostate cancer is an adenocarcinoma and this arises from the cells that line the secretory ducts of the prostate. A measure of the aggressiveness of the cancer is made by the pathologist from the biopsy using Gleason scoring, which is a scoring system that grades by different characteristics associated with aggressiveness and leading to scores between 2 (very indolent) to 10 (very aggressive). Research assays may, in the future, detect more aggressive characteristics by other means. One research assay detects mutated copies of the gene (p53 in the healthy form being a tumour suppressor gene). Damaged versions occur in many malignancies and are associated with tumour progression. Other genetic assay work may become relevant in the future. 


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Featured cancer specialists

Looking for a cancer specialist? One of our featured specialists may be able to help.


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Cancer treatment centres

Only a few private hospitals and private clinics provide the extensive resources required for cancer treatment. Select from one of our featured centres:

  • London Prostate Cancer Centre
    Four of London’s experts in prostate cancer combine to provide a comprehensive service for treatment of prostate cancer via HCA hospitals in London.

  • Cancer Centre at the Cromwell Hospital, London
    A highly skilled multi disciplinary teams of cancer surgeons, oncologists and specialist support staff work together to treat a wide range of cancers.

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Cancer charities and support groups

Find out about the charities and support groups that can help people with prostate cancer, and their relatives and carers.

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